Pinguecula is a benign neoplasm that looks like tumour of white or slightly yellow colour and is localized on sclera in the area of the conjunctiva.
This disease is not dangerous for life and health and does not lead to worsening of visual function. It is usually spread among elderly people and concerned with excess of fats and proteins in the body.
The reasons of occurrence
Nowadays all reasons that lead to the development of pinguecula are not completely ascertained. As well as one basic reason. Professional ophthalmologists think that negative environmental factors have a great destructive influence on the organs of vision (infrared and ultraviolet radiation, wind, dust, etc.). Therefore, the risk of neoplasms is significantly higher for people who are used to work outdoors. For this reason, doctors strongly recommend to such people to protect their eyes with the help of contact lenses or eyeglasses with build-in UV-filter.
Pinguecula develops gradually and usually does not cause any discomfort. But there is a certain number of people which note such feelings as foreign body feeling, feelings of irritation, scratching or dryness in it's area of localization. Initially, in the area of future localization of pinguecula you can notice slight swelling or reddening, which after a while turn into tumour with distinctive look and colour.
In spite of well-known fact that pinguecula is a harmless disease, which does not damage your visual function, you should consult with the professional ophthalmologist anyway, if you detected it on your body. The doctor will check your visual acuity and examine the tumor with the help of special biomicroscope, called as slit lamp.
Conservative method is the most popular way to treat pinguecula. It is aimed on eliminating of dry eyes symptoms that concerned with tumour. For this purpose, many people use moisturizing eye drops, which have practically the same composition as real tear fluid. These drops have lubricating and moisturizing effect at the same time.
If there are signs of inflammation in localization zone of pinguecula, it is recommended to use antibacterial and antiinflammatory eye drops and/or ointments.
If you experience pronounced aesthetic discomfort because of the tumour, you can resort to surgical removal.
Laser removal of pinguecula
This procedure is very fast and painless, as it is performed under local anesthesia. This surgery is usually performed in an outpatient basis and you will be able to leave clinic after two hours. It is recommended to wear a protective bandage on the eye until complete healing of surgical wounds.
Surgical removal of pinguecula
The results of laser removal of tumour are usually quite satisfactory. But in some cases pinguecula starts to grow again and simultaneously it's size begins to increase rapidly. Under these circumstances, it is recommended to perform surgical removal with the use of special surgical microscope and microinstruments. This surgical procedure is performed under local anesthesia. The period of rehabilitation lasts for about two weeks after the surgery. At this time, patient is prescribed topical antiinflammatory and antibacterial treatment.
Surgical treatment is not always safe. In some cases doctor can refuse to perform this procedure to avoid significant damages of eye tissues, which, in their turn, could cause serious violation of visual function.
Please keep in mind that if you discover any signs of eye discomfort or symptoms of visual impairment, you should immediately consult with the professional ophthalmologist.